At today's meeting of the State Duma, the deputies adopted in the first reading a bill proposing, in fact, to prohibit the anonymous use of instant messengers. In support of the bill voted 356 deputies, against – only two.
We will remind, the bill has been brought in consideration in the lower chamber in May, 2017. Its authors were Marina Mukabenova from "United Russia", Oleg Nikolayev from "Fair Russia" and Alexander Yushchenko from the Communist Party. The bill adds changes to the Federal Law "On Information, Information Technologies and Information Protection" concerning the regulation of electronic messaging services (messengers). In particular, it is proposed to oblige the messengers to identify users without fail. The bill defines the messengers and introduces the concept of an organizer of instant messaging. The latter is responsible for transmitting messages only to identified users. Identify the same user should the operator of communication using the subscriber number. Simply put, only the users who have been identified by the phone number will be able to use instant messengers. Also, instant messengers must ensure the confidentiality of transmitted messages. Users should be given the opportunity to block receiving messages from other users. Also there should be an opportunity of dispatch of messages under the initiative of public authorities. Another obligation is to restrict mass mailings at the request of the authorities or simply transfer messages containing information disseminated in violation of Russian law. If the owners of the messenger do not fulfill the requirements, the service is proposed to be blocked at the level of telecom operators. Also, fines of up to 1 million rubles are foreseen for non-fulfillment of these duties. If the bill passes all the necessary authorities, these requirements will come into force on January 1, 2018.